Latvia has had a turbulent past, being incorporated into Russia for most of the last 700 years. It had a brief fling with independence after World War I, but the Singing Revolution brought about the changes needed to make it an autonomous state in 1991. It is quite a small country with a population of around two million. Its capital Riga has a rich cultural heritage, including opera, ballet, art galleries and museums.

Although a small country, Latvian universities have readily adopted to the demands of international students. Well over 200 English-taught study programmes are available to choose from - many of them even at the Bachelor level.Riga is the capital as well as the largest city, and here you will find the majority of the universities, the largest of which is the University of Latvia. It is almost 100 years old, and teaches a number of courses in English, including medicine and dentistry.

Universities and other higher education institutions run both academic and professional programmes, e.g. lawyer, teacher, translator, marine mechanic etc. Bachelor's (bakalaurs) and master's (maģistrs) degrees are awarded in both academic and professional higher education programmes. Graduates of both types of bachelor's and master’s degrees have access to further studies.

Latvia is using a national credit point system in higher education. One Latvian national credit point is defined as a one-week full-time study workload. The average full-time workload of an academic year in most higher education programmes is 40 credits. The Latvian credit point system is compatible with ECTS. The number of ECTS credits is found by multiplying the number of Latvian credit points by a factor of 1.5.